Hello everyone, in the previous topic we were talking about Managerial Economics, Its Features, Nature, and Scopes. Today we are going to discuss the “case study on Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam“.
Case Study on Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Case Study on Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam
The full name of “Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam” was “Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam“. He is known as the “Missile Man and People’s President“.
He was a person who dreamed about India being a developed country. For which he has quoted that “You have to dream before your dreams can come true”. He was the great scientist, author, and teacher, India ever had.
|Details||Late Sir. A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|Full Name||Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam|
|Born||15 October 1931, Rameswaram, Madras Presidency, British India (present-day- Tamil Nadu)|
|Died||27 July 2015 (age 83) Shillong, Meghalaya|
|Alma-Meter|| St. Joesph college Tiruchirappali (B.Eng) |
Madras Institute of Technology (M.Eng)
|Profession||Former President of India, Aerospace Scientist, and Author|
|Books||Wings of Fire, India 2020 A Vision For The New Millennium, Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenges, Target 3 billion, My journey-Transforming Dreams into Actions, Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India, Development in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology, The Luminous Sparks, Mission India, Inspiring Thoughts, Indomitable Spirit, Forge Your Fitire: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring|
APJ Abdul Kalam was born on the 15th of October in 1931 in Tamil Nadu. His father’s name was Jainulabdeen who was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque; his mother’s name was Ashiamma who was a housewife. His father owned a ferry that took Hindu pilgrims back and forth between Rameswaram and the now uninhabited Dhanushkodi. Kalam had three brothers and one sister. He was the youngest among them.
His ancestors were wealthy traders and landlords but the family had lost most of its fortune by the 1920s and was poverty-stricken when Kalam was born. As a young boy, he had to sell newspapers to support his family. His life was full of obstacles but he never discontinued his education.
He was an average student and spent most of his time studying mathematics. He completed his school education at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram. He completed his graduation in Science from St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli and his immense interest in flight made him able to fulfill his dream of being an Aeronautical Engineering. He got a degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1954.
He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space programs and military missile development efforts.
He remains a bachelor throughout his life. He was asked in an interview why he never got married, Kalam replied that marriage and children would lead to selfishness in life and he didn’t want to be selfish at any cost when he wanted to dedicate his life to serving the nation. In his book, he mentioned that he was never ready for a relationship. For him, human relationships were more complicated than rocket science.
A.P.J Abdul Kalam as a scientist
After completing his engineering in 1960, Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defense Research and Development Organization as a scientist and started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army, but remained unconvinced by it.
He was also part of the INCOSPAR committee in which he works under Vikram Sarabhai, the space scientist. In 1969, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) and effectively carried out the satellite Rohini in July 1980.
Kalam’s biggest achievement in life was joining ISRO and he said he have found himself when he started to work on the SLV project. Kalam first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received the government’s approval and expanded the program to include more engineers.
In 1963-64, he visited Nasa’s Langley Research Center in Hampton Virginia, Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and Wallops Flight Facility situated at the Eastern Shore of Virginia.
Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar SLV and SLV-III projects, during the period between the 1970s and 1990s, and both of them is successful. He also directed two projects, named Project Devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV program in 1970. At that time the Union Cabinet disapproved of these projects but Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects, through the discretionary powers which are given to Indira Gandhi as a prime minister.
Kalam played an integral role in convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects. His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels and prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile program under his directorship.
Kalam and Dr. V. S. Arunachalam, metallurgist and scientific adviser to the Defense Minister, worked on the suggestion by the then Defense Minister, R. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one by one.
R Venkatraman got the cabinet approval for allocating 388 crore rupees for the mission, named Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (1. G.M.D.P), and appointed Kalam as the Chief Executive. Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni which is an intermediate-range ballistic missile and Prithvi which is the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticized for mismanagement and cost.
Kalam was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999.
The Pokhran-Il nuclear tests were conducted during this period where he played a major political and technological role. Kalam served as the Chief Project Coordinator, along with R Chidambaram during the testing phase and this test made Kalam the country’s top nuclear scientist or we can proudly say “THE MISSILE MAN OF INDIA”.
In 1998, along with cardiologist Dr. Soma Raju, he developed a low-cost coronary stent. It was named “Kalam- Raju Stent“. In 2012, they both again designed a rugged tablet PC for health care in rural areas, which was named “Kalam-Raju Tablet“.
A.P.J Abdul Kalam as a President
His name was suggested by Mulayam Singh to then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. After that Vajpayee made a call to him and asked whether he wanted to be the President after taking his confirmation, the government came out in the open with his name.
At that time many of the states were under the control of the Congress and in the Rajya Sabha also they were holding more seats in comparison to the present government of that time which was the BJP. Congress leader was making pressure to announce the presidential candidate. So his name was announced and he was not the first choice of any national party, but definitely both the parties agree on his name and then he became the 11th president of the country.
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was a notable scientist and an engineer who also served the country as 11th President from 2002 to 2007. He was a man of vision and full of ideas. As a president, he taught simplicity, honesty, and truthfulness to entire India. He was a Paramacharya by all means.
Here are some point that shows that he was not only a great scientist but also a great and true leader and a good human being-
- He uplifted the presidency. Believe it or not, we are taught that the post of President is that of a Rubber Stamp. These man-made all efforts to abolish that.
- He toured the nation like no other. Dr. Kalam toured the entire nation, this was to understand the country better and see the work happening at the grassroots. He would meet as many people as humanly possible and listen to them for their ideas and suggestions.
- The opening up of Rashtrapati Bhavan. The Presidential Palace was repaired and modified during his tenure. Then Dr. Kalam made it a point to open it to the public, after all, he was the People’s President.
- Vision 2020 and PURA. Being a Scientist President (not from a political background). He always had plans for the betterment of our country.
- Dr. Kalam used to receive costly gifts whenever he went abroad as it is customary for many nations to give gifts to the visiting Heads of State. If he refused those gifts it would become an insult to the nation and an embarrassment for India. So, he received them and on his return, Dr. Kalam asked the gifts to be photographed and then cataloged and handed over to the archives. Afterward, he never looked at them. He did not take even a pencil from the gifts received when he left Rashtrapathi Bhavan.
- In 2002, the year Kalam Sir took over the president post, the Ramadan month came in July-August. It was a regular practice for the President to host an iftar party. Dr. Kalam asked Mr. Nair (his secretary) why he should host a party for people who are already well-fed and asked him to find out how much the cost of the iftar party was. Mr. Nair told me it would cost around Rs. 22 lakhs. Dr. Kalam asked him to donate that amount to a few selected orphanages in the form of food, dresses, and blankets. The selection of orphanages was left to a team in Rashtrapathi Bhavan and Dr. Kalam had no role in it.
After the selection was made, Dr. Kalam asked Mr. Nair to come inside his room and gave him a cheque for Rs 1 lakh. He said that he was giving some amount from his personal savings and this should not be informed to anyone. Mr. Nair was so shocked at that time and he said: “Sir, I will go outside and tell everyone. People should know that there is a man who not only donated what he should have spent but he is giving his own money also“. Dr. Kalam was a devout Muslim but he did not have Iftar parties in the years in which he was the President.
- Dr. Kalam did not like “Yes Sir” type of people. Once the Chief Justice of India had come and at some point, Dr. Kalam expressed his view and asked Mr. Nair, “Do you agree?” Mr. Nair said, “No Sir, I do not agree with you”. The Chief Justice was shocked and could not believe his ears. It was impossible for a civil servant to disagree with the President and that too so openly. Mr. Nair told him that the President would question him afterward about why he disagreed and if the reason was logical 99% he would change his mind.
- Dr. Kalam invited 50 of his relatives to come to Delhi and they all stayed in Rashtrapathi Bhavan. He organized a bus for them to go around the city which was paid for by him. No official car was used. All their stay and food were calculated as per the instructions of Dr. Kalam and the bill came to Rs 2 lakhs which he paid. In the history of this country, no one has done it.
- When Kalam Sir was to leave Rashtrapathi Bhavan at the end of his tenure, every staff member went and met him and paid their respects. Mr. Nair went to him alone as his wife had fractured her leg and was confined to bed. Dr. Kalam asked why his wife did not come. He replied that she was in bed due to an accident. The next day, Mr.Nair saw a lot of policemen around his house and asked what had happened. They said that the President of India was coming to visit him in his house. He came and met his wife and chatted for some time. Mr. Nair says that no president of any country would visit a civil servant’s house and that too on such a simple pretext.
Note– These incidents are told by Mr. Nair, Kalam Sir secretary when Kalam sir is no more in this world.
Awards and Honours received by A.P.J Abdul Kalam
|Years||Name of award or honor||Awarding organization|
|1981||Padma Bhushan||Government of India|
|1990||Padma Vibhushan||Government of India|
|1994||Distinguished Fellow||Institute of Directors (India)|
|1995||Honorary Fellow||National Academy of Medical Sciences|
|1997||Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration||Indian National Congress|
|1997||Bharat Ratna||President of India|
|1998||Veer Savarkar Award||Government of India|
|2000||Ramanujan Award||Alwars Research Centre, Chennai|
|2007||Honorary Doctorate of Science and Technology||Carnegie Mellon University|
|2007||King Charles II Medal||Royal Society, UK|
|2007||Honorary Doctorate of Science||The University of Wolverhampton, UK|
|2008||Doctor of Science||Universiti Sains Malaysia|
|2008||Doctor of Engineering (Honoris Causa)||Nanyang Technological University, Singapore|
|2008||Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa)||Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh|
|2009||Honorary Doctorate||Oakland University|
|2009||Hoover Medal||ASME Foundation, USA|
|2009||International von Kármán Wings Award||California Institute of Technology, USA|
|2010||Doctor of Engineering||University of Waterloo|
|2011||IEEE Honorary Membership||IEEE|
|2012||Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa)||Simon Fraser University|
|2013||Von Braun Award||National Space Society|
|2014||Honorary professor||Beijing University, China|
|2014||Doctor of Science||Edinburgh University, UK|
Dr. Kalam was also fond of writing books, songs, and poetry.
Books Written by Sir A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Wings of Fire
This book is an autobiography of India’s president Abdul Kalam which has been co-authored with famous Arun Tiwari, who once had worked with Kalam in the field of military defense research. As to the book itself, “this is the story of Kalam who flourished from darkness into the bright sunlight, his personal and professional effort. This is also the narrative of independent India’s struggle for technological self adequacy & sovereignty in defense systems – a story as much regarding politics, as it is regarding science.”
India 2020 A Vision For The New Millennium
This book was published in 1998, written by late former President of India APJ Abdul Kalam, before his tenure as the President and Mr. Yagnaswami Sundara Rajan. The book examines in depth the weakness and the strength of India and offers a vision of how India can emerge to be among the world’s first four economic powers by 2020. The Vision is dedicated to a young girl whom Kalam met and asked “what was your dream” to which the young girl replied, “I want to live in a developed India.”
Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenges
The book is a sequel to his autobiography Wings of Fire and talks about his journey post being the president of India. It gives a detailed account of all the efforts taken for the development of the country in his entire tenure as a president. He talks about the tremendous development India made under his leadership and emphasizes the development of rural India for the overall development of the country’s economy.
Target 3 billion
This book has the Innovative Solutions towards Sustainable Development is an amazing read about how we can make this world a better place. This is a book by the visionaries APJ Abdul Kalam and Srijan Pal Singh, and it explains how India can eradicate poverty.
My journey-Transforming Dreams into Actions
This book unfolds the nostalgic, honest, and deeply personal life of Dr. Kalam. One can learn unusual and beautiful lessons from it.
Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India
The strength of this book by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is that it has been written in an easy-to-understand language, where he presents some of the most difficult issues India is facing today in a very simple way. The book has been divided into nine short chapters, each one of them dealing with various themes. Each chapter begins with a quote and ends with a summary giving the reader something to think about. Dr. Kalam in these chapters talks about his experiences and interactions with people from different spheres of society, including school and college students, eminent scientists and visionaries, saints, and industrialists.
Some more books are written by Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Here are some more books by Sir A.P.J Abdul Kalam-
- Development in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology
- The Luminous Sparks
- Mission India
- Inspiring Thoughts
- Indomitable Spirit
- Forge Your Fitire: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring
In an interview someone asked him about his desire he replied, “I would like to die while talking to children”, and his desire came true.
Kalam Sir died at 7:45 p.m on Monday 27 July 2015. He suddenly fell unconscious when he was delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management at Shillong. On 30 July 2015, the former President was laid to rest at Rameswaram’s Pei Karumbu Ground with full state honors. Over 350,000 people attended the last rites, including the current Prime Minister Mr. Narendar Modi, the governor of Tamil Nadu, and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh.
Some important dates
- Kalam sir’s 79th birthday was recognized as “world student day” by the UN.
- In 2005 Switzerland declared 26th July as “Science Day” in memory of Kalam Sir’s visit.
- After his death, The Tamil Nadu state government announced that his birthday, 15 October, would be observed as the “Youth Renaissance Day“, further they instituted the “Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award“.
- The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, ceremonially released postage stamps commemorating Kalam at DRDO Bhawan in New Delhi on 15 October 2015, on the 84th anniversary of Kalam sir’s birthday.
- Wheeler Island, a national missile test site in Odisha, was renamed Abdul Kalam Island in September 2015.
- A prominent road in New Delhi was renamed from Aurangzeb Road to Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Road in August 2015.
5 Things we should learn from A.P.J Abdul Kalam
5 things we should learn from Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam are given below-
- Hard work and dedication counts
- Simplicity is a wonderful thing
- The president serves the nation and not the other way around.
- Always appeared with dignity and grace and also practice the high morals you want to preach.
- Courageous and thinking out of the box.
Right Now such a great personality is not with us this loss is very high, no one can take his position in the sectors he worked in. But APJ Abdul Kalam the proud son of Bharat Mata will always be in our hearts.
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What is the full name of Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam?
The full name of Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam.
When and Where was Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam born?
15 October 1931, Rameswaram, Madras Presidency, British India (present-day- Tamil Nadu) where Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born.
When, Where, and at which age did Sir A.P.J Abdul Kalam die?
He takes his last breath on 27 July 2015 (age 83) in Shillong, Meghalaya.
What are the popular books written by Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam?
Following are the books are written by Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam-
1. Wings of Fire
2. India 2020 A Vision For The New Millennium
3. Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenges
4. Target 3 billion
5. My journey-Transforming Dreams into Actions
6. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India
7. Development in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology
8. The Luminous Sparks
9. Mission India
10. Inspiring Thoughts
11. Indomitable Spirit
12. Forge Your Fitire: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring
What is the nickname of Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam?
“THE MISSILE MAN OF INDIA” is the nickname of Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam.
When Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam becomes the president of India?
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam served our country as 11th President from 2002 to 2007.
On which day Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam’s birthday was recognized?
Kalam Sir’s 79th birthday was recognized as “World Student Day” by the UN.
When is World students day?
15 October is known as “World Students Day“.
Which Island is renamed Abdul Kalam Island and when?
Wheeler Island, in Odisha, was renamed Abdul Kalam Island in September 2015.
When and Which road was renamed Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam road?
In August 2015, A prominent road in New Delhi was renamed from “Aurangzeb Road” to “Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Road“.
When did Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam receive the Padma Bhushan Award?
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam received the “Padma Bhushan Award” in 1981 from the Government of India.
When did Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam receive the Padma Vibhushan Award?
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam received the “Padma Vibhushan Award” in 1990 from the Government of India.
What are the 5 things we learn from Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam?
5 things we should learn from Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam are given below-
1. Hard work and dedication count.
2. Simplicity is a wonderful thing.
3. The president serves the nation and not the other way around.
4. Always appeared with dignity and grace and also practice the high morals you want to preach.
5. Courageous and thinking out of the box.